Site Published:  16th April 2010
Last updated:   18th April 2010
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Page added:   18th April 2010
Page updated:   16th July 2011
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Flying Fox Information 
Including a photo gallery a variety of landscapes involving HeV outbreaks and two colony locations vastly different.  Also valuable information on flying foxes, what they eat, signs to look for and more.  go to....

Research Papers
A novel model of lethal Hendra virus infection in African green monkeys and the effectiveness of ribavirin treatment. - Together our findings introduce a new disease model of acute HeV infection suitable for testing antiviral strategies, and also demonstrate that, while ribavirin may have some antiviral activity against the henipaviruses, its use as an effective stand-alone therapy for HeV infection is questionable.   go to ....

go to ....

Transmission possible on fomites, particularly in closed environments such as stables.
Hendra virus has been shown to survive for more than four days in flying fox urine at 22°C (72°F).
This virus can also remain viable for a few hours to a few days (generally less than four days) in fruit juice.
It does not survive well at higher temperatures, and is inactivated in less than a day in either urine or fruit juice at 37°C (98.6°F).
You DO NOT need to have flying foxes roosting on or adjacent to your property to be at risk.  Flying foxes can travel in excess of 50klm per night.
The last five outbreaks did NOT involves bats roosting on the property.  Bats were known to be in the area and feeding at night.
The Cawarral outbreak was traced to a colony over 15klms from the property.
Hear the latest developments into the research work at CSIRO - AAHL
Dr Deborah Middleton
speaking with the Casey Radio  Equine Team 7th Oct 2010

The Equine Hendra Virus
"A Victorian Perspective"

Run by the Primary Industries Education Conversations. Leading Biosecurity &
Emergency Animal Disease experts.

Thursday Oct 21st 4 pm - 5.30 pm

NMIT Building L Cnr Cooper St & Dalton Rd Epping
Queries (03) 9269 1042

"The Hendra Virus Forum is designed to give you the facts about this virus, its likely introduction to Victoria, what action will be taken in the event of a Hendra Virus outbreak and what you can do to protect yourself and your
horses. The forum is being conducted by NMIT in conjunction with industry experts in the areas of Hendra Virus and emergency disease control."
Update - 7th October 2010
Dr Deborah Middleton will also be speaking at the seminar
on the 21st Oct 10
Update - 9th November 2010
Mystery of the mutant baby bats
Daniel Bateman - November 6, 2010 - The Cairns Post
More than 100 newborn spectacled flying foxes with deformities such as cleft palates and twisted limbs have been found by wildlife carers underneath trees near the library colony since the start of the year.

James Cook University bat researcher Karen Wilson said while it was not unusual to have some deformed babies among a colony, it was unusual to have so many.

Virus fears in mutant bats in Cairns
Daniel Bateman - November 9, 2010 - The Cairns Post

"These birth defects would often cause other health problems such as immunosuppression which makes bats more vulnerable to viral infections such as lyssa virus and hendra virus, which may increase the risk of infections in humans and other species," Mr McMillan said.  Read more...

Possible link between outbreaks of the deadly hendra virus and lyssa virus & pesticide exposure. Despite claims back in early November last year after the discovery of many birth defects in flying foxes in Cairns being thoroughly investigated, there has been no further updates, or findings of any testing carrying out to explain the mutations and mortalities.  This is hardly surprising given that the Queensland authorities have suppressed the findings of a TaskForce Investigation into possible chemical exposure involved in the Noosa Two Headed Fish.   To find out more about this, please visit the Sunland Fish Hatchery website.

An interesting article released this week in the USA:

Landmark Lawsuit Filed to Protect Hundreds of Rare Species From Pesticides
Suit Targets EPA's Failure to Safeguard Species Around the
Country in Its Oversight of More Than 300 Pesticides    Read full story HERE

Gold Coast City Council taking threat of Hendra virus deadly serious

In June last year a small colony of flying foxes moved into Goldmarket Reserve in the Racing Precinct on the Gold Coast.  Council took immediate steps to reduce the risks associated with bats and horses in close proximity, erected fencing and signage warning owners and the public.

A meeting of stakeholders was held on 20th December 2010, after a detailed risk analysis was undertaken by Ecosure.  Recommendations are being put forward for the dispersal of this colony.  It is recognised that there is only limited measures that can be taken to reduce the risks of an outbreak when bats and horses are coexisting in close proximity.  An outbreak of Hendra in this location could have catastrophic consequences given the dense population of horses on site at any time of the year.

October - November - December 2010
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